• Extract Of V Amygdalina And O Gratissimum

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  • PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF Vernonia amygdalina

    2015-5-1  Ethanolic V. amygdalina extract had a greater zone of inhibition of (11.5mm) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa; this may be due to ability of ethanol to extract bioactive compounds like tannis, saponnins, flavonoid, alkaloid, anthraquinon, phenol and e steroid which have higher concentrations in . amygdalina. V Water extracts of O. gratissimum

  • Antibacterial and synergistic potency of methanolic

    Author: Sylvester Chibueze Izah, E.J. Uhunmwangho, Nsikak Godwin Etim
  • EVALUATION OF FRACTIONATED METHANOL

    2020-6-26  evaluation of fractionated methanol extracts of vernonia amygdalina and ocimum gratissimum leaves in type 2 diabetic wistar albino rats quantity.

  • In vivo studies on the prebiotic effects of Vernonia ...

    2015-12-18  of Vernonia amygdalina extract selectively and significantly (p < 0.05) increased the numbers of Enterococcus and Actinomyces species recovered from the animals faecal specimens, while O. gratissimum increased only the Actinomyces species. In contrast, the numbers of Bacteriodes species

  • (PDF) PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF Vernonia

    Water extract of V. amygdalina was more effective on Pseudomonas aeruginosa than that of O. gratissimum, also ethanolic extract of O. gratissimum was more effective than ethanolic extract of V ...

  • Comparative Antioxidant Ac tivities of Extracts of ...

    extract respectively) and flavonoids (126.7 ± 1.00 and 65.4 ± 4.42 mg quercetin equiva lents/g extract respectively) than V. amygdalina. A dose-dependent increase in flavonol content was observed for both extracts with higher contents obtained in the O. gratissimum extract. O. gratissimum also has higher DPPH radical scavenging activity

  • Comparative study of proximate, mineral and

    O. gratissimum demonstrated the lowest content of crude protein and crude fiber (14.35 and 7.60% respectively). The result of mineral composition of the leaves of Ocinum gratissimum, V. amygdalina and M. oleifera were shown in Table 2. The results showed that O. gratissimum was significantly highest (P<0.05) in calcuim, potassium,

  • Internet Scientific Publications

    2020-7-6  It was found out to be 12.5mg/ml for ethanolic extract of V. amygdalina for E. coli, Staph. aureus, B. cereus and 15mg/ml for Shigella dysenteriae and Salmonella typhimurium. The ethanolic extract of O. gratissimum was found out to have the MIC of 12.5mg/ml for all the test isolates. Table 4 showed the results of combining equal volumes and ...

  • COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF WOUND HEALING

    2014-12-9  animals treated with V. amygdalina than for the other extracts. Ranging of extract healing effect can be thus V .amygdalina >O gratissimum Z .officinalis More wound contraction was recorded for V. amygdalina than the positive and negative controls. Although, animals treated with V. amygdalina showed greater healing than other _____

  • Available online a t pelagiaresearchlibrary ...

    2016-10-4  While the ethanolic and methanolic extract of O. gratissimum, V. amygdalina and A. melegueta profoundly inhibited the growth of S. typhi and E. coli with inhibition zone diameter between 12 mm to 23 mm. The growths of K. pneumoniae were not inhibited by all the extracts of O. gratissimum, V. amygdalina and A. melegueta.

  • EVALUATION OF FRACTIONATED METHANOL

    2020-6-26  File Type: MS Word (DOC) PDF File Size: 4,695KB Number of Pages: 220 ABSTRACT Type 2 diabetes (T2D) accounts for 90-95 % of the present 422 million estimated cases of diabetes mellitus worldwide, yet greater part of anti-diabetic research is on Type 1 diabetes. This study evaluated the effects of fractionated methanol extracts []

  • In vivo studies on the prebiotic effects of Vernonia ...

    2015-12-18  of Vernonia amygdalina extract selectively and significantly (p < 0.05) increased the numbers of Enterococcus and Actinomyces species recovered from the animals faecal specimens, while O. gratissimum increased only the Actinomyces species. In contrast, the numbers of Bacteriodes species

  • Antibacterial Effects of Aqueous Ethanolic Leaf

    Downloadable! The aqueous ethanolic extracts of Vernonia amygdalina, Ocimum gratissimum, Cymbopogon citrates and Annona muricata were screened for antibacterial activities at 200mg/ml concentration. Antibacterial efficacy of extracts against the bacteria were identified by gram staining techniques, coagulase and catalase tests and the bacterial isolate was indicated by the appearance of

  • Phytochemical constituents and larvicidal efficacy of ...

    The methanolic extract of V. amygdalina exhibited a higher degree of potency when compared with the methanolic extract of C. citratus and O. gratissimum with a low LC 50 value of 758.403ppm, 758.03 ppm and 754. 712 ppm at 24, 48 and 72 hrs respectively.

  • Antibacterial Effect of Vernonia Amygdalina and

    The aqueous extract of O. gratissimum exhibited higher inhibitory effects at all concentrations than the aqueous extract of V. amygdalina due to the fact that O. gratissimum oils have properties that can inhibit the growth of psychrophiles and heat resistant organisms [20]. It is suggested that there is need for the use of this plant and its ...

  • Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - comparative

    The potassium content of the leaves of O. gratissimum, V. amygdalina and M. oleifera differ significantly in values, with the highest obtained from O.gratissimum (4.30) and the lowest was obtained from the leaves of M. oleifera (2.25). Potassium is responsible for nerve action and some osmo-regulation in the body fluid. (Odoemena and Ekanem, 2006).

  • Internet Scientific Publications

    2020-7-6  It was found out to be 12.5mg/ml for ethanolic extract of V. amygdalina for E. coli, Staph. aureus, B. cereus and 15mg/ml for Shigella dysenteriae and Salmonella typhimurium. The ethanolic extract of O. gratissimum was found out to have the MIC of 12.5mg/ml for all the test isolates. Table 4 showed the results of combining equal volumes and ...

  • A Comparative Study of the Antibacterial Effect of

    The methanolic extract of C . citrates had the highest activity (38 %) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa at 31.25 mg/ml and S. aureus (54%) at 250 mg/ml and (52%) against MRSA at 500 mg/ml. V. amygdalin showed the highest activity (35%) against E. coli at 125 mg/ml.

  • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

    2015-8-29  O. gratissimum and 200mg/kg of cyclophosphamide. 64 Fig.10. Photomicrograph of sections of organs from rats treated with 250mg/kg of V. amygdalina and 200mg/kg of O. gratissimum 64 Figure 11: Photomicrograph of sections of organs from rats given 500mg/kg of V. amygdalina and 200mg/kg of cyclophosphamide 65

  • Antibacterial and synergistic potency of methanolic

    Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum are common perennial shrubs that are used as vegetables and spices. Studies have indicated that both plants have several medicinal properties. This study investigated the antibacterial and synergistic potency of methanolic leaf extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum. The leaf samples were shade dried, extracted using methanol

  • Internet Scientific Publications

    2020-7-6  It was found out to be 12.5mg/ml for ethanolic extract of V. amygdalina for E. coli, Staph. aureus, B. cereus and 15mg/ml for Shigella dysenteriae and Salmonella typhimurium. The ethanolic extract of O. gratissimum was found out to have the MIC of 12.5mg/ml for all the test isolates. Table 4 showed the results of combining equal volumes and ...

  • Antibacterial Activity of Ocimum gratissimum (Nchu

    Ethanol extracts showed the highest zone of 20mm of O. gratissimum against Staphylococcus aureus and highest zone of 40mm by V. amygdalina against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, for the fresh leave samples, only Ethanolic extract of O. gratissimum was active against all the isolates.

  • THE EFFECT OF VERNONIA AMYGDALINA AND OCIMUM

    2016-1-15  extracts used, the extract of O. gratissimum significantly reduced the fasting blood glucose and increased the body weight of the rats at the end of the experiment. Conclusion: O. gratissimum can be used to reduce elevated blood glucose of diabetic animals, and it proved to be more potent than V. amygdalina.

  • The Efficacy of Ocimum gratissimum Leaf Powder and

    The efficacy of Ocimum gratissimum leaf powder and ethanol extract on adult Periplanata americana under laboratory condition was studied to control the nuisance of the pest. The mean mortality count of adult Periplanata americana was highest (84) in 50 g leaf powder and lowest (3) in the control. The highest mortality (125) was recorded in 96 hr exposure time while the lowest (17) was recorded ...

  • A Comparative Study of the Antibacterial Effect of

    The methanolic extract of C . citrates had the highest activity (38 %) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa at 31.25 mg/ml and S. aureus (54%) at 250 mg/ml and (52%) against MRSA at 500 mg/ml. V. amygdalin showed the highest activity (35%) against E. coli at 125 mg/ml.

  • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

    2015-8-29  O. gratissimum and 200mg/kg of cyclophosphamide. 64 Fig.10. Photomicrograph of sections of organs from rats treated with 250mg/kg of V. amygdalina and 200mg/kg of O. gratissimum 64 Figure 11: Photomicrograph of sections of organs from rats given 500mg/kg of V. amygdalina and 200mg/kg of cyclophosphamide 65

  • In vitro Medicinal Studies on Ocimum gratissimum Leaves

    2016-7-21  Sodium content of Ocimum gratissimum (48.95mg/100mg) compared favorably with 48.31mg/100g of Vernonia amygdalina [12], but low compared to 69.49mg/100g of Annona muricata [11] and 71.32mg/100g of Celosia argentea [28]. Potassium content of Ocimum gratissimum (109.60mg/100g) is low compared to 128.33mg/100g of Celosia argentea [28] but high

  • Phytochemical analysis of Ocimum gratissimum by LC

    Preparation of O. gratissimum 70% ethanolic extract (OGE) The leaves were shade dried, finely powdered and macerated at room temperature with 70% ethanol by keeping the powder and solvent ratio of 1:10 (w/v). The extraction was continued until the samples were decolorized and the extracts were pooled and concentrated using a rotary vacuum ...

  • Phytochemical analysis of Ocimum gratissimum by LC

    Preparation of O. gratissimum 70% ethanolic extract (OGE) The leaves were shade dried, finely powdered and macerated at room temperature with 70% ethanol by keeping the powder and solvent ratio of 1:10 (w/v). The extraction was continued until the samples were decolorized and the extracts were pooled and concentrated using a rotary vacuum ...

  • Comparison of antioxidant activity of insulin, Ocimum ...

    1 Okon U, Owu D, Udokang N, Udobang J, Ekpenyong C.Oral administration of aqueous leaf extract of Ocimum gratissimum ameliorates polyphagia, polydipsia and weight loss in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Am J Med Sci. 2012; 2(3): 45-49. 2 Asuquo O, Edet A, Mesembe O, Atanghwo J.Ethanolic extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum enhance testicular improvement in diabetic ...

  • ANTIDIABETIC EFFECT OF COMBINED AQUEOUS LEAF

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  • Research Article Hepatoprotective Potential of Some

    2019-7-31  V.amygdalina,T.procumbens,O.gratissimum, and Lermis extracts against -AAF-induced toxicity in rats. 2. Materials and Methods..PlantMaterialsandExtraction. eleavesoftheselected plantswerecollectedinFebruary, fromtheLadokeAkin-tola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Farm, Ogbo-moso, Oyo, State Nigeria. e authentication of the plants

  • PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND IN-VITRO

    2016-4-11  extracts of O. gratissimum and Vernonia amygdalina as decoctions and concoctions could be useful in the treatment of infections/diseases caused by Escherichia coli. [Akinjogunla, O. J., Ekoi, O. H. and Odeyemi, A.T. Phytochemical Screening and In-vitro Antibacterial Assessment

  • Ocimum gratissimum - an overview ScienceDirect

    Based on the LD 50 values, Jatropha curcas (46.0 mg/kg bw p.o. on rats), Azadirachta indica (870 mg/kg bw IP on rats), Butyrospermum paradoxum (820 mg/kg bw IP on mice), Ocimum gratissimum (0.27–1.41 g/kg bw in mice and 0.43–2.29 g/kg bw in rats), Murraya koenigii (316.23 mg/kg bw p.o. on rats), Ficus exasperate (0.54 g/kg bw IP in mice ...

  • Preliminary phytochemical analysis and insecticidal ...

    see more details extract of T. occidentalis (leaf), saponins were also absent in both O. gratissimum and S. acuta while steroidal compounds were found to be absent in T. occidentalis and V. amygdalina (leaf). The extracts of O. gratissimum, S. acuta, T. occidentalis and V. amygdalina of different concentrations were also investigated for their ...

  • Antibacterial and Antioxidant Compounds from the

    Vernonia amygdalina is traditionally used in Ethiopia to treat various diseases. This prompted us to isolate bioactive compounds from the flowers of this plant. The CHCl 3 extract after silica gel column chromatography has led to the isolation of two compounds identified as tricosane (1) and vernolide (2) , while the acetone extract furnished isorhamnetin (3) and luteolin (4).

  • Antifungal Attributes of Extracts of Ocimum

    The result of this work showed that plant extract of O. gratissimum, Z. officinale, and C. citratus leaf was able to inhibit the mycelial growth of isolated fungi. Ethanol extract of O. gratissimum and aqueous extract of C. citratus demonstrated greater potential for the control fruit rot in soursop and therefore is recommended for the control ...

  • Comparative Analysis of the Phytochemical and ...

    The ethanolic extract of the three plants showed that V. amygdalina exhibited the highest zone of inhibition 18mm, followed by Gongronema latifolium 14mm, then Ocimum basilicum 7mm on Klebsiella pnuemonea.Ocimum basilicum and Gongronema latifolium gave the highest zone of inhibition on E. coli 12mm, while V. amygdalina has no antimicrobial activity on E. coli. Gongronema latifolium has the ...